I have a WDM driver that loads and works fine under Windows 2000. Under
Windows 98, however, I get an error 192 from the Add Hardware Wizard during
Plug and Play installation which, intepreted as a Win32 error code, means
My driver binary is normally marked for Windows 4.10, subsystem 1.0 and has
the WDM flag set in the 'DllCharacterics' field in the PE headers. I've
tried other variations, but this makes no difference.
Anyway, if I attempt to load the driver explicitly from a helper VxD using
NtKernLoadDriver(), I get back 0xC00000034. This is of course an NTSTATUS
value which means STATUS_OBJECT_NAME_NOT_FOUND (although I would have
expected STATUS_INVALID_IMAGE_FORMAT or something more consistent with my
interpretation of error 192 above).
Also, if I attempt to simply load the "raw" image directly via
PELDR_LoadModule(), this succeeds! The documentation says that
PELDR_LoadModule() "loads a portable executable, performs relocation fixups
and resolves imports" so, apparently, my driver binary can't really be
*that* invalid if all this can occur without error?!
Note that PELDR_LoadModule() failed originally, but I tracked the problem
down to having imported some non-existent functions under 98. I fixed that
and then I could successfully load (and unload) the driver image using
So, having fixed the invalid imports, I'm having trouble making sense out of
the STATUS_OBJECT_NAME_NOT_FOUND result I'm receiving from
NtKernLoadDriver(). *What* can't it find? I don't think I'm importing
anything that doesn't exist under 98 and I believe I have set things up
properly for calling NtKernLoadDriver().
That is, I have created a registry key
"HKLM\System\CurrentControlSet\Services\MyDriver" containing an "ImagePath"
string value (all modelled after some existing entries I found there) and am
passing the string "MyDriver" to NtKernLoadDriver() as a UNICODE_STRING. My
driver file is at the location specified by "ImagePath" (the same place, in
fact, that PELDR_LoadModule() is able to load it from). Am I missing
Has anyone else ever used NtKernLoadDriver() to successfully load a WDM
driver under Windows 98? I know doing so doesn't load a "true" WDM driver,
but I'd still like to verify that this works so I'll know my driver image is
valid and that the Wizard is having some other problem.